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            [0] => Top Economists Study What Happens When You Stop Using Facebook
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            [0] => In the most recent issue of the prestigious American Economic Review, a group of well-known economists published a paper titled "The Welfare Effects of Social
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            [0] => https://www.calnewport.com/blog/2020/02/29/top-economists-study-what-happens-when-you-stop-using-facebook/
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            [0] => rich
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            [0] => a:3:{i:0;s:8:"facebook";i:1;s:5:"study";i:2;s:5:"using";}
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Top Economists Study What Happens When You Stop Using Facebook
) [feeds] => Array ( [0] => a:1:{i:0;s:111:"https://www.calnewport.com/blog/2020/02/29/top-economists-study-what-happens-when-you-stop-using-facebook/feed/";} ) [publishedTime] => Array ( [0] => ) [license] => Array ( [0] => ) [text] => Array ( [0] => a:90:{i:0;s:307:"In the most recent issue of the prestigious American Economic Review,a group of well-known economists published a paper titledThe Welfare Effects of Social Media. It presents the results of one of the largest randomized trials ever conducted to directly measure the personal impact of deactivating Facebook.";i:1;s:353:"The experimental design is straightforward. Using Facebook ads, the researchers recruited 2,743 users who were willing to leave Facebook for one month in exchange for a cash reward. They then randomly divided these users into a Treatment group, that followed through with the deactivation, and a Control group, that was asked to keep using the platform.";i:2;s:189:"The researchers deployed surveys, emails, text messages, and monitoring software to measure both the subjective well-being and behavior of both groups, both during and after the experiment.";i:3;s:44:"Here are some highlights of what they found:";i:4;s:353:"This study validates many of the ideas from Digital Minimalism (indeed, the paper even cites the book in its introduction). People spend more time on social media than they realize, and stepping away frees up time for more rewarding offline activities, leading, in turn, to an increase in self-reported happiness and a decrease in self-reported anxiety.";i:5;s:291:"The main negative impact experienced by the Treatment group was that they were less up to date on the news. Some might argue that this isnt really negative, but even for those who prioritize current events knowledge, there are, obviously, many better ways to keep up with news than Facebook.";i:6;s:559:"Perhaps most interesting was the disconnect between the subjects experience with deactivating Facebook and their prediction about how other people would react. About 80 percent of the Treatment group agreed that deactivation was good for them, reports the researchers. But this same group was likely to believe that others wouldnt experience similar positive effects, as they would likely miss out more. The specter of FOMO, in other words, is hard to shake, even after youve learned through direct experience that in your own case this fear was largely hype.";i:7;s:216:"This final result tells me that perhaps an early important step in freeing our culture from indentured servitude in social medias attention mines is convincing people that abstention is an option in the first place. ";i:8;s:1209:"Wow, what an interesting paper! Im on the second to last day of my 30 day digital detox right now, so I havent been on Facebook for a month. I dont know if a lot of their findings apply to me, considering that before starting the detox, I mainly used Facebook for its messaging service and didnt browse through it much. Im definitely going to keep the apps off my phone after the detox is over, but I didnt notice much more time in my day being freed up. The only significant changes that have happened during this month are that I finished reading 6 books (5 of which are yours), Im much more tolerant of boredom while waiting in line/eating/etc., and I talk to some people less. My phones screentime also went down to an average of 18 minutes/day. Yet, my weekdays still feel full of work and I feel like Im behind on my classes, so if an hour a day did get freed up somewhere, I havent noticed it (maybe thats just discrete math being hard, though). My happiness levels seem about the same to me. I cant speak much to polarization of views and following news less since I didnt use Facebook for news to begin with. So overall, interesting results but nothing that seems to have had a profound effect on me.";i:9;s:974:"Hi Tiffany, I agree and heres my experience regarding facebook. I dont care about it. Social media is just garbage. The whole thing is just a waste of my time. That said, lols, there are some games I play on there and I do use it to look at amusing cat photos. I really have no use at all for any of the major platforms; twitter, facebook, instagramto be honest, they are pretty much all trash to me. if someone wants to talk to me, they can easily call me or text me. I am a gamer, I am a woman in my mid 50s, I am online often to update my organizations websites and working on coding, so I am not a typical craptastic boomer (so just knock that idea right out right now). I dislike social media in general because it seems that everyone that has nothing better to do but rile up terrible feelings from everyone else just does that, with no concern for anyones well being. Its a horrible place and I mean that about *all* social media. Its a pox upon us. Seriously, a pox.";i:10;s:276:"In one of your recent post you talked about the exceptionalism of the Youtube platform. I have succeeded in shaking myself of Twitter, Facebook, etc but Youtube its kind of really hard because there is valuable/educational content here. Abstention is really hard in this case.";i:11;s:205:"Thats why Ive started using technology to fight technology. YT Recommendation blockers and the likes. Because Im a CS student and had a bit of free time recently Ive made an application called MinimalTube.";i:12;s:113:"One thing that I see lacking in todays available tools to break Youtube addiction is the time management aspect. ";i:13;s:875:"MinimalTube is a small program that contains A search engine that limits itself to 8 search results. The ability to add and remove videos to a watch list. The ability to calculate how much time investment will the watch list take (in hours and minutes). It will tell you that your watch list will take x hours by summing the duration of each individual videos in the watch list. It outputs your watch list as an html file that contains embedded YT players (avoiding distracting recommendations) that you can open using any browser (on phone/ipad/tablets/computers as well if you send yourself the html file through email to your devices.) It also provides you with links to download the videos for offline consumption. On a phone you can still listen to the videos with your screen shut off as long as you use the alternative (invidious) links that my program provides.";i:14;s:106:"Its available for both Windows and MacOS. Its free and you can get it here: https://minimaltube.itch.io/mt";i:15;s:45:"Hope this helps people struggling like I did.";i:16;s:140:"I always felt depressed when I was on Facebook. A few days ago, I deactivated my account and tomorrow I will start my 30 days digital detox.";i:17;s:82:"Before that, I was already applying a few rules to help me improve my analog life.";i:18;s:144:"1. When my iMac broke, I decided to work only on my iPad. More than one year later, I am still using only my iPad and everything is going great.";i:19;s:113:"2. I never had a smartphone. Instead, I have a dumb phone that I use maybe once a month if there is an emergency.";i:20;s:152:"3. In the last months, I deleted all my social media accounts in the last months (Twitter, LinkedIn, Pinterest and Instagram). Facebook, a few days ago.";i:21;s:140:"4. I unsubscribed from all newsletters using unroll.me. Instead, I prefer to use Feedly. I added four blogs, including this one, to my Feed.";i:22;s:44:"6. I removed notifications from all my apps.";i:23;s:152:"7. I deleted all the apps that were not useful to me. Today, I have only 22 apps. Some I never use but cant delete them because Apple doesnt want me to ";i:24;s:61:"8. I blocked tons of websites (news, social media, youtube ).";i:25;s:71:"9. I dont listen to podcasts anymore. I prefer to listen to audiobooks.";i:26;s:134:"10. I dont have any TV so when I want to see whats on the news, I just open the radio and listen to the five minute report of the day.";i:27;s:130:"11. To improve my oil painting skills, I give myself the permission to watch videos from an oil painter I like three times a week.";i:28;s:114:"12. For the month of March, I decided to try to not download and upload more than 30 Gigs on my internet provider.";i:29;s:8:"Hi Cal, ";i:30;s:177:"Just out of curiosity, did the study mention if the participants either increased or decreased their time on shallow work? (Email, power-points, being a general busy-bee, etc). ";i:31;s:152:"Elliott. P.S. Can you send me a copy of your article about emails wasting professors time? I got hit with a paywall on the last link you posted. Thanks.";i:32;s:659:"From Adam Grants newletter: Social Media Has Not Destroyed a Generation (Scientific American)https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/social-media-has-not-destroyed-a-generation/ On average, social media use has no more impact on teenagers well-being than eating potatoes. A rigorous, comprehensive meta-analysis (a quantitative study of studies, synthesizing 226 articles with 275,000+ participants) reveals that sleep and breakfast matter more, and smoking pot and being bullied matter 2.7x and 4.3x more. The effects of new technologies depend on how we use them. Engaging actively with social mediaand feeling in control of itpredicts higher well-being.";i:33;s:208:"I think the evidence is good. Indeed, social media may waste time, but its positive and negative effect really depends. And overall, things like rumination/worry/lack of problem-solving etc. are more harmful.";i:34;s:725:"Id be interested to know who funded such a large study. Your last sentence is exactly what people go through using social media: jealousy, FOMO, worry, anxiety, one puma ship, arguments, and much more. My observation when I did use social Media was that the same people were posting many times a day, checking their feed many times a day, answering, countering, disputing, and reporting every aspect of their lives multiple times a day. When I was off for a few days my feeds were littered with post after post, day after day from the same people. I rarely saw anyone abstain for a day much less multiple days, weeks or months. It was like a lifeline, or obsession. Just look at the US President. His posts are akin to mania.";i:35;s:213:"The studies complement one another. Impacts of social media versus other negative impacts (relative impact ranking) is different from measuring the effects of removing one specific social media (change in impact).";i:36;s:99:"Which article from Orben is it? The Scientific American article you linked to is behind a paywall. ";i:37;s:333:"Ive read her work, primarily with Przybylski, and the one large meta analysis she released doesnt actually say what she claims. They published one in February 2019 claiming that social media and device use had no effect, yet their own stats showed mobile device use as more negative that TV viewing and social media worse than both. ";i:38;s:321:"The really funny part is they studied 22 items related to well-being, and the ones that were worse than SM use are: being bullied, getting into fights, binge-drinking, smoking marijuana, having asthma, and perceived weight. Social media use was very high on the list and had a median negative association with well being.";i:39;s:197:"Its all fine and well to focus on how people feel but the underlying facts are that becoming disconnected from your social network means lost opportunities, lost income and other negative outcomes.";i:40;s:227:"Social media and social networks arent synonyms. Ive dropped all social media yet my social networks appear to be stronger than ever. Ive even connected with people I hadnt touched base with in years since dumping social media.";i:41;s:287:"Another research that aims are finding something extraordinary in ordinary things. That small but significant impact is the most laughable of all statements in this research. As Homer Simpsons saId: Oh, people can come up with statistics to prove anything, Kent. 14% of people know that.";i:42;s:377:"My account was disabled for three weeks due to a Facebook ID glitch. It wasnt anything I caused, apparent since they sent me We apologize for any inconvenience message when it was reactivated I noticed an improved sense of well-being and dont intend to use it as much in the future. Even though my hiatus was involuntary, and disrupted my business, I felt less stressed. Weird.";i:43;s:349:"The use of unsocial media never was my thing. I spend my time much more directly by seeing people, calling them, or using text and email. My intake of news is through an international TV subscription that I prefer much over the dumb US stations. The big advantage of international stations is that they are not biased and not ideologically poisoned.";i:44;s:625:"This goes to show you how screwed up Americans have become. To get so personally wrapped up with unimportant things like social media shows people have real issues. Wondering how much their education plays into (this is on liberals) this and how being raised without earning anything. Remember those trophies for last place? Well, guess what, losing plays an important learning skill in life. How to lose and learn how to deal with it. Then learn how to win! Giving people something for nothing has no meaning, but let them earn it, now thats an accomplishment and has real meaning. Study high lights high far we have fallen.";i:45;s:168:"I have less than 50 people with whom I interact regularly on FB, and its mostly non-political. OTOH, I am in two groups that are specifically about third-party issues. ";i:46;s:169:"On the third hand, I joined MeWe to further distance from Facebook, not because of overuse, but because Facebook is Facebook, with all of its corporate ethical failings.";i:47;s:42:"On the FOURTH hand? I use Twitter. A lot. ";i:48;s:55:"Id be interested to see similar research about Twitter.";i:49;s:312:"So pleased I left and am never going back. No real impact on me other. I connect with real friends, am not bombarded with politics, opinion, and disagreements. I spend much more time reading, writing, and discovering wonderful films, documentaries, and memberships like a yearly pass to the Kennedy Space Center.";i:50;s:281:"FB provides a sense of community, which is better than none. But as much as Zuckerberg has allowed, when the government forces him to, you cant let it push you around, give it too much info, etc, and especially hang out on it for too much., Balance is everything, not all or none..";i:51;s:36:"I need a like button for this post ?";i:52;s:513:"Facebook was enlightening at first and allowed me to connect to old friends and acquaintances, and that was great. But after a few years the novelty wore off and I eventually became turned off by the extreme viewpoints, bickering (sometimes hateful), postings that are mean or designed to intimidate, life-bragging, silly requests, lost minutes (or longer) each day I couldnt get back reading ultimately pointless postings and commentary, as well as the personal data-mining and Russian intrusions allowed by FB. ";i:53;s:262:"I went off-grid and ultimately decided not to log back on after recognizing the same benefits identified in the study. Although its been a couple years since I was last on FB, I have yet to close my account, but I will likely do so in the not-to-distant future. ";i:54;s:224:"I cant speak for anyone else, but logging off was liberating. I prefer text, voice, or e-mail to keep in touch with a select group of family and actual friends. And I get my news from TV like I always have, particularly PBS.";i:55;s:53:"I would love to be in a Facebook group and earn $$$$!";i:56;s:411:"I deactivated my FB account about a year ago and have found that I actually have no interest in consistently following social media I found FB annoyed me because I just could no longer stand the trash people posted am I happier yes and more importantly I feel free from social media would I ever reactivate my account nah dont need it FB was like smoking- its bad for you and a time suck I feel liberated";i:57;s:280:"There is a trade off between what a FB user gains and what they lose. This survey is designed to focus on the negatives. People vote on this everyday by choosing to use social media. Is it addicting- sure. Is it bad for you? Only if one over indulges- like anything else in life. ";i:58;s:179:"Act responsibly? Now that would be asking too much- for those that want to over-regulate our lives and live in a nanny state- where liberties are sacrificed for the greater good. ";i:59;s:110:"Soda is addictive and bad for you. No uproar there- as it doesnt sell eyeballs. Journalism has sadly degraded.";i:60;s:377:"The only reasons my daughter and I are on FB at all is to follow my great-grandkids and their family. There are times I have gone more than a week without getting on unless the other daughter emails me. Wouldnt bother me if FB went away . . . well except maybe for all the cat forums and pictures of kittens! On the other hand, touch Pintrest or Email and the fight will be on!";i:61;s:69:"Very interesting study Cal. There are of course a couple limitations.";i:62;s:449:"Its impossible by design for a study like this to be double blind, so we cant rule out some confounding psychological effects of quitting FaceBook (if you know youre quitting, it may bias your interpretation of your subjective well-being). Considering especially there would be (I strongly expect) a small selection bias in the participants (those who are more cognisant of the negative aspect of social media use may be more driven to participate).";i:63;s:80:"I suppose they would go into more detail about these limitations in the article.";i:64;s:86:"Very interesting study otherwise, and nice data driven support of your central thesis.";i:65;s:86:"I think studies like this are a good example of science catching up with common sense.";i:66;s:102:"Im sure it was also nice to see your book referenced in such a prestigious publication Cal. Nice work.";i:67;s:198:"For different reasons than others might have, I deactivated FB and Twitter cold turkey about 45 days ago and have no interest in returning to either one. However, my reasons were different for each:";i:68;s:83:"For FB, my reason was privacy and their unwillingness to address their bad habits. ";i:69;s:182:"For Twitter, it was due to the toxic nature. I followed too many people posting/responding to/with political comments and it was unhealthy. I love having the vitriol out of my life. ";i:70;s:133:"For the record, I also removed Google from my life (well most of it) for privacy issues. Firefox and DuckDuckGo fill the void nicely.";i:71;s:106:"I dont know how many years have passed since I left Facebook, but I bet they know. They record everything.";i:72;s:426:"The supposed negative effect of not being up-to-date on current news is amusing. News that comes through social media platforms should be treated with suspicion. On the other hand, when people re-discover how to do the kind of high-quality research that enables them to form an accurate picture of the world, they will be much better off. As you said, there are, obviously, many better ways to keep up with news than Facebook.";i:73;s:96:"Glad you did this report. I stopped using all social media over 2 years ago. Much happier today!";i:74;s:547:"I stopped using social media a year ago and realized that I can actually tolerate views that are different than mine, and even appreciate them to a certain extent. When someone challenges mine or tells me my politics are incorrect I no longer go off the handle or cancel people. Instead I appreciate the nuance and elaborate on them. If talking to a fellow quitter/non-user of social media we can always come to an agreement to disagree, but hardcore Facebook and Twitter users will still lose their minds if they hear views different than theirs.";i:75;s:645:"Facebook platform has become nothing more than an excuse for so called social interaction. It provides more of a podium for trollers and haters to spew their uninformed self important opinions with no accountability. Also the uninformed users of FB when uploading photos have just given Suckerburg and other cyber bandits a vehicle in which to scrub all your information onto dbases used to gather information and specifically for facial recognition companies. Suckerburg and his FB do NOT care about you, but he sure as shit wants all the information you are uploading so he can make billions off your free social medial. Wake up people really.";i:76;s:277:"Guys, I find that I do tend to spend a lot of time on the web, on a daily basis, scouring for recent news stories. Why bother, right? On a serious note, I do like to stay up to date with current events. I would like to just view a news site once a week on a predetermined day. ";i:77;s:110:"Are there any news sites you guys would recommend that is broad in its coverage. Politics, sports, tech, etc.?";i:78;s:70:"Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *";i:79;s:8:"Comment ";i:80;s:7:"Name * ";i:81;s:8:"Email * ";i:82;s:8:"Website ";i:87;s:459:"I'm a computer science professor who writes about the intersection of digital technology and culture. Im particularly interested in our struggles to deploy these tools in ways that support instead of subvert the things we care about. If youre new to my writing, a good place to start is with my latest book, Digital Minimalism: Choosing a Focused Life in a Noisy World, or my about page. You can also access over a decade's worth of posts in the blog archive.";i:88;s:84:"You'll receive the blog posts via email. Your email address is never sold or shared.";i:89;s:1:" ";i:92;s:39:"A course by Cal Newport and Scott Young";i:93;s:10:"LEARN MORE";i:94;s:217:"Note: This site is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.";i:95;s:19:" 2020 Cal Newport ";} ) [imageDescription] => Array ( [0] => Facebook Homepage - Social Media ) [image] => Array ( [0] => https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1543185377-b75671ac8741?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&q=80&fm=jpg&crop=entropy&cs=tinysrgb&w=1080&fit=max&ixid=eyJhcHBfaWQiOjY2NjA2fQ ) [unsplash_ID] => Array ( [0] => HUBofEFQ6CA ) [imageAuthor] => Array ( [0] => Kon Karampelas ) [imageUsername] => Array ( [0] => konkarampelas ) [fifu_image_url] => Array ( [0] => https://images.unsplash.com/photo-1543185377-b75671ac8741?ixlib=rb-1.2.1&q=80&fm=jpg&crop=entropy&cs=tinysrgb&w=400&fit=max&ixid=eyJhcHBfaWQiOjY2NjA2fQ ) [_fusion] => Array ( [0] => a:0:{} ) [crp_related_posts] => Array ( [0] => ) [avada_post_views_count] => Array ( [0] => 0 ) )
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Top Economists Study What Happens When You Stop Using Facebook

In the most recent issue of the prestigious American Economic Review, a group of well-known economists published a paper titled "The Welfare Effects of Social

It presents the results of one of the largest randomized trials ever conducted to directly measure the personal impact of deactivating Facebook.

Using Facebook ads, the researchers recruited 2,743 users who were willing to leave Facebook for one month in exchange for a cash reward.

They then randomly divided these users into a Treatment group, that followed through with the deactivation, and a Control group, that was asked to keep using the platform.

The researchers deployed surveys, emails, text messages, and monitoring software to measure both the subjective well-being and behavior of both groups, both during and after the experiment.

Note: This site is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.

Original article